The item “Other financial instruments measured at fair value” mainly includes: shares (listed and unquoted) which were not acquired for trading purposes, for which the option of measurement at fair value through other comprehensive income was selected in order to limit the volatility of the result, and loans granted measured at fair value through profit or loss, as they did not pass the contractual cash flow test (SPPI), because in the financing structure of the target recipient of funds, debt is changed into capital at the last stage, and that is why they were obligatorily classified to this category.
Shares are initially recognised at fair value increased by transaction costs, and at the end of the reporting period they are measured at fair value with recognition of gains/losses from measurement in other comprehensive income. The amounts recognised in accumulated other comprehensive income are not transferred later to profit or loss, while accumulated gains/losses on a given equity instrument are transferred within equity to retained earnings at the moment an equity instrument ceases to be recognised. Dividends from such investments are recognised in profit or loss.
The fair value of unquoted shares is calculated using the adjusted net assets method. The application of this method is due to the specific nature of the assets of companies whose shares are subject to measurement. Observable Input data other than the ones from the active market were used in the measurement (e.g. transaction prices of real estate similar to one subjected to measurement, market interest rates of State Treasury bonds and fixed-term deposits in financial institutions, and the risk-free discount rate published by the European Insurance and Occupational Pensions Authority).
The fair value of listed shares is calculated based on the closing price as at the end of the reporting period.
The translation of shares expressed in a foreign currency is performed according to the accounting policies described in Note 1.2.
The fair value of loans is set at the present value of future cash flows, including any change in market risk and credit risk factors during the loans’ life.